Benefits and Privileges of Solo Parent in the Philippines

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Actually this was good news to all Solo Parent but many of them don’t even know what is this all about, what are the benefits and privileges entitled to them. On the other hand, others might heard this before but they don’t know how to apply or avail for it. That’s why; I am encouraged to write this article for you guys to know your right as the Law says so. I will tackle the qualifications, requirements, procedure, and the package of services for Solo Parent.


Originally, the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines Congress enacted REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8972 or the Solo Parent’s Welfare Act, was signed into law on November 7, 2000 and took effect on November 28, 2000. This provides benefits and privileges to solo parents and their children. It aims to develop a comprehensive package of social development and welfare services for solo parents and their children to be carried out by the Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD) as the lead agency, various government agencies including NSO and other related NGOs.

Read: How to File for Child Support in the Philippines

Who are Considered as Solo Parent?

Solo Parent is any individual who falls under any of the following categories:

A. A woman who gives birth as a result of rape and other crimes against chastity even without a final conviction of the offender, provided that mother keeps and raises the child.

B. Parent left solo or alone with the responsibility of parenthood due to the following circumstances:

  • Due to death of spouse.
  • Spouse is detained or is serving sentence for a criminal conviction for at least one (1) year.
  • Physical and/or mental incapacity of spouse as certified by a public medical practitioner.
  • Legal separation or de facto separation from spouse for at least one (1) year, as long as he/she is entrusted with the custody of the children.
  • Declaration of nullity or annulment of marriage as decreed by a court or by a church as long as he/she is entrusted with the custody of the children.

C. Unmarried mother/father who has preferred to keep and rear her/his child/children instead of having others care for them or give them up to a welfare institution.

D. Any other person who solely provides parental care and support to a child or children.

E. Any family member who assumes the responsibility of head of family as a result of the death, abandonment, disappearance or prolonged absence of the parents or solo parent.

Requirements and Procedure in Securing a Solo Parent ID

Step 1. Go to the City/Municipal Social Welfare and Development Office

Step 2. Bring the following documents:

  • Barangay certificate certifying Solo Parent’s residency in the barangay for the last six months
  • Documents/Evidence that the applicant is a solo parent (e.g. death certificate of spouse, declaration of nullity of marriage, medical certificate – if incapacitated
  • Income Tax Return (ITR) or certification from the barangay/municipal treasurer.

Step 3. The social worker receives and ensures that all documents are complete and registers the applications with an appropriate case number in the log-book Registry of Solo Parents.

Step 4. Once the C/MSWD Office issues the Solo Parent ID, a solo parent can apply for services he/she needs from the C/MSWD Office or to specific agencies providing such assistance/services.

The ID will be issued after 30 days from filing. The validity of the ID is one year and is renewable.

Criteria for Support

Any Solo Parent whose income falls below the poverty threshold as set by the National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA) and subject to the assessment of the DSWD worker in the area shall be eligible for assistance. A solo parent can directly inquire from the following agencies to avail of their services:


  • Health Services (DOH)
  • Educational Services (CHED, TESDA)
  • Housing (NHA)
  • Parental Leave (Employer, DOLE, CSC)

Note: A solo parent whose income is above the poverty threshold shall enjoy only such limited benefits as flexible work schedule, parental leave and others to be determined by the DSWD.

Solo Parent other Benefits or Previledges

Flexible work schedule

A solo parent employee has the right to vary his/her arrival and departure time without affecting the core work hours as defined by the employer. The employer shall provide for a flexible working schedule for solo parents, as long as it shall not affect individual and company productivity. In case of certain meritorious grounds, the employer may request exemption from DOLE.

No work discrimination

Employer is prohibited from discriminating against any solo parent employee with respect to terms and conditions of employment on account of his/her status.

Parental leave

The parental leave of seven (7) days shall be granted to any Solo Parent employee subject to the following conditions:

1. The solo parent must have rendered government service for a least one (1) year, whether continuous or broken, reckoned at the time of the effectivity of the law on September 22, 2002, regardless of the employment status.

2. The parental leave shall be availed of every year and shall not be convertible to cash. If not availed within the calendar year, said privilege shall be forfeited within the same year.

3. The parental leave shall be availed of on a continuous or staggered basis, subject to the approval of the Administrator. In this regard, the solo parent shall submit the application for parental leave at least one (1) week prior to availing the solo parent leave, except on emergency cases.

4. The solo parent employee may avail of parental leave under any of the following circumstances:

5. Attend to personal milestones of a child such as birthday, communion, graduation and other similar events;

6. Perform parental obligations such as enrollment and attendance in school programs, PTA meetings and the like;

7. Attend to medical social, spiritual and recreational needs of the child;

8. Other similar circumstances necessary in the performance of parental duties and responsibilities, where physical presence of the parent is required.

9. The head of agency/office concerned may determine whether granting of parental leave is proper or may conduct the necessary investigation to ascertain if grounds for termination and withdrawal of the privilege exist.

And that’s it; don’t forget to spread the good news to your friends & relatives.

Source: Philippines Official Gazette

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3 thoughts on “Benefits and Privileges of Solo Parent in the Philippines”


  1. but then you leave out one of the most important part. Section 3, subsection 10 of the RA 8972 which could be abused or misinterpreted on the grant of solo parent priviledge

    (b) “Children” – refer to those living with and dependent upon the solo parent for support who are unmarried, unemployed and not more than eighteen (18) years of age, or even over eighteen (18) years but are incapable of self-support because of mental and/or physical defect/disability.

  2. Yun mga requirements po ay depende sa MSWD o CSWD ng bawat lugar.
    Mas mabuting sa kanila muna talaga mag-inquire.
    O kaya sa sariling barangay magtanong since merong barangay groups sila.
    Abala din po sa aplikante yun pupunta sila dala requirements na “nabasa sa internet” tapos pagdating sa CSWD eh kulang pa pala at kailangan nila bumalik.

  3. Pano po ako makakakuha ng school allowance ng 3 anak ko po na 8 y/o 11y/o grade 2 .. at 13y/o grade 7…15 y/o grade 9.. Aq po ay single parent hindi po ako kasal o kinasal may mahigit 7 taon napo ako solo parent. May id napo ako ng 2018 pero ndi ko pa po nagamit s mga benifits ko. Ngaun po akoy nakikitira sa bahay ng aking tatay. Ako po ay wlang pinag kakakitaan sa ngaun at ang tanging tatay ko lamang po ang nag iintindi samin. Sana po matulungan nyo q mag ka trabaho. At mabigyan ng sariling matutuluyan Kmi poy nakikipisan lang. Naway tugunan nyo po ang aking hiling ukol saking pangangailangan at ng aking mga anak

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